PHP SSL Certificate Calculate Fingerprint


When you view certificate details in a browser, it shows the certificate fingerprint. At the time of this writing, Firefox shows the md5 and sha1 fingerprints, Chrome shows sha1 and sha256 fingerprints. It leads one to wonder how to calculate the fingerprint of certificate.

In command line openssl:
openssl x509 -in github.com -noout -fingerprint -md5
openssl x509 -in github.com -noout -fingerprint -sha1
openssl x509 -in github.com -noout -fingerprint -sha256

output:
MD5 Fingerprint=DF:EF:60:0C:26:E8:CF:C7:00:3A:F4:B7:30:58:0D:07
SHA1 Fingerprint=CE:67:99:25:2C:AC:78:12:7D:94:B5:62:2C:31:C5:16:A6:34:73:53
SHA256 Fingerprint=7C:FB:00:BA:0B:97:69:F1:36:FC:4F:D4:F3:96:19:89:8B:D1:D9:DD:85:A5:7F:3C:0A:D1:9B:8A:BF:97:76:5B

in PHP:
<?php
function x509_fingerprint($pem,$hash='sha1')
{
    $hash = in_array($hash,array('sha1','md5','sha256')) ? $hash: 'sha1';
    $pem = preg_replace('/\-+BEGIN CERTIFICATE\-+/','',$pem);
    $pem = preg_replace('/\-+END CERTIFICATE\-+/','',$pem);
    $pem = str_replace( array("\n","\r"), '', trim($pem));
    return strtoupper(hash($hash,base64_decode($pem)));
}
 
$x509_cert_pem='-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----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-----END CERTIFICATE-----';
$pem = $x509_cert_pem;
echo 'MD5 Fingerprint='.implode(":", str_split( x509_fingerprint($pem,$hash='md5'), 2))."\n";
echo 'SHA1 Fingerprint='.implode(":", str_split( x509_fingerprint($pem,$hash='sha1'), 2))."\n";
echo 'SHA256 Fingerprint='.implode(":", str_split( x509_fingerprint($pem,$hash='sha256'), 2))."\n";


Eric on 2014-08-14 05:57:14
Combine this with:

$g = stream_context_create (array("ssl" =&gt; array("capture_peer_cert" =&gt; true)));
$r = stream_socket_client("ssl://domain:443", $errno, $errstr, 30, STREAM_CLIENT_CONNECT, $g);
$cont = stream_context_get_params($r);
// Store remote certificate as a string
openssl_x509_export($cont['options']['ssl']['peer_certificate'], $x509_cert);

And you've got yourself a powerful thumbprint scanner capable of verifying remote hosts. Way better than the curl implementation.

Pepe on 2015-05-26 10:27:09
Thanks!!
It helped me a lot!